About Armenia

Brief information about Armenia

The history of Armenia is a unique world treasure, full of chronicles of great civilizations, biographies of legendary people, and unfortunately dramatic moments of survival.

For decades Armenia suffered because of foreign invasions of conquerors, more than once it seemed that the name Armenia was going to vanish from the world map but Armenians survived, gaining their right for existence in the hardest struggles.

armenia-ararat

The thirty thousand square kilometres that the Republic of Armenia occupies today are only a small part, less than a tenth, of that huge historical Armenia, the chronicles of which have become a separate chapter in world history and culture.

The Armenian Highlands were the most important trade and military routes of the Ancient World, connecting the East and the West. Such a favourable position of Armenia attracted numerous conquerors to it. Therefore, the borders of Ancient Armenia were subject to frequent changes, and the Armenians had to master all new lands. That is why the history of Armenia is rich and endless.

Armenian history

  • Orontid dynasty – 6th century BC
  • Kingdom of Greater Armenia – 190 BC
  • Arshakid dynasty – 52–428
  • Bagratid Armenia – 885–1045
  • Kingdom of Cilicia – 1198–1375
  • The First Republic of Armenia declared – 28 May 1918
  • Independence from the Soviet Union – 21 September 1991

Where is Armenia located?

If you look at the world map, you will find Armenia in the Transcaucasian region. Geographically, Armenia is situated in the middle of Europe and Asia. So there is always a question whether Armenia is in Europe or Asia? Being in the middle of these two continents Armenia bears the traditions, habits and customs of these two continents at the same time.

armenia-on-the-map

Armenia Neighboring Countries

  • The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the East,
  • Turkey to the West,
  • Georgia to the North,
  • Iran and Azerbaijan exclave of Nakhichevan to the South.

The full name

The Republic of Armenia (RA)

Territory

29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi)

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the four Armenian royal families, Artashesyans, Arshakuni, Bagratuni and Rubinyans (Kilikia) are depicted in the central part of the coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia. All of them are around the Biblical Mount Ararat, on the top of which Noah’s Ark is situated.

On both sides of the shield, you can see lions and eagles symbolizing the power of spirit, and courage. The sword depicted below represents the struggle of the Armenian people for freedom and independence. The feather and the wheat symbolize the creative talent and peacefulness of the Armenian people.

Flag-and-Coat-of-arms-armenia

Flag

The flag of Armenia consists of red, blue, orange colours (top to bottom), horizontally equal strips. It is the repetition of the flag of the First Republic of Armenia (1918-1920) in dimensions and colours.

Language

The Armenian language is a separate branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the state language of Armenia and Artsakh. Armenian alphabet is unique and one of its kind. In 406 Mesrop Mashtots created the Armenian alphabet and it was one of the oldest alphabets in the whole world.

alphabet

Capital

The capital of Armenia is Yerevan. According to common opinion, Yerevan (formerly known as Erebuni) was founded by the King Argishti I in the 8th century BC. In 2018 Yerevan is becoming 2800 years old.

yerevan

Is it safe to travel to Armenia?

Armenia is a very peaceful country and there were no acts of terror, no civil wars. In 2018 Armenians did a Velvet Revolution with no single death. Armenians came out to the streets are fought for their rights (against the government) peacefully, so the revolution won, and it was named a Velvet Revolution of love and tolerance.

Who rules the country?

Nikol Pashinyan: Armenian Prime Minister:

since 8th of May, 2018

nikol-pashinyanPresident

Armen Sarkissian – the President of the Republic of Armenia

Since 2nd of March, 2018

armen-sargsyan

Population

2,934,152 people

Currency

Dram (֏) (AMD)

Electricity

220 volts, 50 hertz

Internet domain

.am

Largest cities

  • Yerevan    1,060,138
  • Gyumri    121,976
  • Vanadzor    86,199 13
  • Vagharshapat    46,540 14
  • Abovyan    43,495 15

Climate

 

Yerevan   Jan  Feb Mar Apr May Jun  Jul Aug Sep Oct  Nov Dec

Min(°C)    -7    -5    0     7      11   15  19   18    13    7      1     -4

Max(°C)    2     5   12   19      24   30  34   33    29   21    12    5

Min(°F)    19   23   32   45     52   59  66    64    55  45     34   25

Max(°F)    36   41   54   66     75   86  93    91   84  70     54  41

 

Gyumri   Jan  Feb Mar  Apr May Jun  Jul Aug Sep Oct  Nov Dec

Min (°C) -14   -12  -6      0     5      8    12   12    7      1     -3    -9

Max (°C) -3    -1    4      13   18    22    26   26    23  16     7     0

Min (°F)   7    10   21     32    41   46    54   54    45   34    27   16

Max (°F)  27  30   39     55    64    72    79   79    73   61   45   32

 

 Sevan   Jan   Feb  Mar  Apr May Jun  Jul Aug Sep Oct  Nov Dec

Min (°C) -13   -13  -12    -6      1      5    9    10    5     0     -7     -11

Max (°C) -3    -2     1        7     12   16  19    20   17  12      6      0

Min (°F)    9    9     10       21    34  41  48    50   41  32      19   12

Max (°F)  27    28 34        45    54  61  66    68   63  54      43   32

armenia_winter

Visa

Visa-Free Countries

Europe

Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Vatican.

CIS

Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Asia

Iran (90 days), Japan, Qatar, Singapore, South Korea, United Arab Emirates.

Pacific

Australia, New Zealand.

Americas

Argentina (90 days), Brazil (90 days), Uruguay (90 days), USA.

 

Visa on Arrival (E-Visa) Countries

Europe

Bosnia, Macedonia, Serbia.

Africa

South Africa.

Asia

Bahrain, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, North Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Oman, Philippines, Qatar, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan.

Pacific

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu.

Americas

Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guyana, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay,  Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

Regular Visa Countries

Africa

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, DRC, Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Asia

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq, Pakistan, Palestine, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Vietnam, Yemen.

Timezone

GMT + 4

Religion

The adoption of Christianity in Armenia took place in 301. It was an epoch-making event in the history of the Armenian people and in the whole world as Armenia has become the first land to adopt Christianity as the main religion. Trdat G. Mets Arshakuni (287-330) was the first to recognize Christianity as the state, the official religion of Armenia.

 

khor-virap

The first founders of the Armenian Church were St. Thaddeus (preaching years 35-43) and St. Bartholomew (44-60), who were called the First preachers of Armenia. Their graves as sacred places were respected and preserved in the monasteries of Artasi (Maku) and Agbak (Bashkale), located in the southeastern part of historic Armenia. Thus, the Armenian Church has an apostolic origin.

According to Agatangeghos’s “Armenian History,” in 287, Trdat returned to Vagharshapat, after a victory and on the way to the village he was sacrificing for the goddess Anahit. King’s comrade-in-arms Grigor refused to take part in the sacrifice because he was a Christian. Then King Trdat ordered to throw Gregory into an underground jail (now known as “Khor Virap”).

After the Trdat’s craziness because of his beloved’s suicide, king’s sister saw a dream that the only person who can cure his brother is Gregory, who was imprisoned in the dungeon. Gregory (known as Gregory the Illuminator) cured the king and Trdat believed in the power of God and Christianity. From that time on Christianity was accepted as the true religion of Armenia.

Telephone code

+374

Shopping

Shopping in Armenia is really fun, as here you will be able to find everything in the world, let’s not forget about Armenian cognac. If you want to buy unique souvenirs then hurry to Vernissage flea Market. It is an open-air exhibition, where you can buy everything connected with Armenia and not only.

Food

Armenian cuisine is rich in different tasty dishes which will satisfy the sharpness of your hunger as well as tempt your taste buds with the best food.

You can find too many restaurants and cafes in Armenia too close to where you are. And the prices are cheaper than anywhere else in the world.

ghapama

Water

Feel free to drink water from a tap of your hotel, house etc. If you are in the street and you need to drink water, there is no need to buy bottled water from a shop, you can just drink from the nearest water fountain named pulpulak (there are too many pulpulaks in Armenia).

water-fountain-armenia

Transport

You can take a taxi right in the street but we strongly recommend you to use taxi apps, as they allow you to see the price, to give feedback for the service and not to be cheated by a bad taxi driver. 1km ride is equal to 500 AMD = $1,04.

You can also travel by bus which is cheaper: the cost is 100AMD = $ 0,21.

armenia-transport

Visit Armenia and let’s discover this holy land together!

Arm Adventure, 2018

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